Sanding Belts
  • 2 X 72 Build-A-Kit

  • Sanding Discs
  • Red Label Abra-silk sanding discs

    Abrasilk Foam Sanding Discs

  • by David Kranker 9 min read

    Rusted Knives: Causes & Rust Removal Process - Red Label Abrasives

    Quick Summary

    Rust on knives can significantly impact their performance, longevity, and overall value. Fortunately, there are several effective rust removal methods, including the lemon and salt method, potato method, onion method, dirt method, sandpaper method, and various other techniques. By implementing preventive measures such as proper cleaning, appropriate storage, regular maintenance, and choosing quality materials, you can minimize the risk of rust formation.

    When knives start rusting, it impacts both their performance and longevity. To begin with, rust compromises the sharpness and cutting ability of the blade, hindering precise and effortless slicing. As rust eats away at the metal, it weakens the structural integrity of the knife, making it more prone to chipping and breakage. Moreover, rust can transfer undesirable flavors and contaminants to any food being prepared, compromising its quality and potentially posing health risks. 

    Whether you're a professional chef, cooking enthusiast, or woodworker, rusted knives can cause problems. In this article, the team at Red Label Abrasives goes over the top causes of knife rusting and provides practical tips for rust removal, ensuring your knives stay in top-notch condition for years to come.

    Common Causes of Knife Rusting

    Several factors contribute to knife rusting, ranging from environmental conditions to improper maintenance practices. Below is an overview of the most prevalent causes.

    Exposure to Moisture and Humidity

    Knives left in wet or humid environments are highly susceptible to rust. Moisture accelerates the oxidation process, leading to the formation of rust on the blade. This can happen when knives are not thoroughly dried after use or stored in damp areas, such as a kitchen sink or dishwasher.

    Improper Storage and Handling

    Inadequate storage and mishandling can also contribute to knife rusting. Storing knives in a way that allows contact with moisture, such as in a drawer without proper protection, increases the likelihood of rust formation. 

    Acidic Substances and Food Residues

    Acidic substances found in many common foods, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, or vinegar, can react with the metal in knives and promote rusting. If knives are not promptly cleaned after contact with acidic ingredients or if food residues are left on the blade for extended periods, it can accelerate rust formation.

    Low-Quality or Improperly Maintained Knives

    Inferior-quality knives or those that have not been well-maintained are more prone to rust. Low-quality blades may have poor resistance to corrosion, making them susceptible to rusting even with minimal exposure to moisture. Similarly, knives that have not been regularly cleaned, dried, and lubricated can develop rust over time.

    Effects of Rust on Knives

    The effects of rust on knives can be more than just visual; it can compromise their functionality and value, potentially cause health issues, and cause the blade to look dirty and unsanitary. For example:

    • Rust can significantly hinder the performance of a knife. As it corrodes the metal surface, it can create uneven edges and pitting, affecting the blade's sharpness and cutting ability. This leads to a less precise and efficient cutting experience, making tasks more challenging and time-consuming.
    • The presence of rust on knives raises health and safety concerns. Rust particles can transfer to the food being prepared, potentially introducing contaminants or unwanted flavors. Consuming rust-contaminated food can pose health risks. Additionally, weakened blades due to rust are more prone to chipping or breaking during use, increasing the risk of accidents and injuries.
    • The reddish-brown discoloration and rough texture of rusted blades are visually unappealing. Knives are not only functional tools but also prized possessions for many enthusiasts. Rust not only detracts from their beauty but also lowers their resale value if you ever consider parting with them.

    Preventive Measures to Avoid Knife Rusting

    In order to avoid rust formation on your knives, prevention is key. By implementing proper care and maintenance practices, you can significantly reduce the risk of rust and ensure the longevity of your blades. Let's explore some essential preventive measures.

    Proper Cleaning and Drying Techniques

    Each time you use your knives, you should thoroughly clean them with mild soap and warm water. Avoid using abrasive cleaners or scouring pads that can scratch the blade's surface. Once cleaned, make sure to dry the knives completely to remove any moisture that could lead to rust formation.

    Appropriate Storage Methods and Environments

    Storing your knives in a dry and well-ventilated area is essential to prevent rust. Consider using a knife block, a magnetic knife strip, or individual blade protectors to keep the knives safely stored and separated from other utensils. Avoid storing knives in a damp environment, such as in the sink or dishwasher, where moisture can accumulate.

    Regular Knife Maintenance and Care

    Regular maintenance plays a crucial role in preventing rust. Keep your knives sharp by honing them regularly with a honing rod or sharpening stone. This ensures a smooth cutting edge and reduces the risk of moisture-trapping gaps in the blade. Additionally, lubricate the blades periodically with food-safe oils or lubricants to create a protective barrier against rust.

    Choosing Quality Materials and Finishes

    Opting for high-quality knives with corrosion-resistant materials and finishes can help prevent rust formation. Stainless steel or high-carbon stainless steel blades are known for their durability and resistance to corrosion. Knives with protective coatings, such as ceramic or non-stick coatings, can also offer additional rust protection.

    Rust Removal Process for Knives

    If you discover rust on your knives, start by assessing the severity. Determine if it is a superficial surface rust or if it has penetrated deeper into the metal. This evaluation will help you choose the appropriate rust removal method.

    Next, clean the knife with mild soap and warm water to remove any dirt or debris. Use a soft brush or cloth to gently remove any loose rust from the blade. Be careful not to scrub too vigorously, as this may further damage the blade.

    Methods for Rust Removal

    There are several effective methods for rust removal. The best option will depend on the amount of rust present on the blade.

    Lemon and Salt Method

    Supplies Needed:Salt, fresh lemon, lemon rind, steel wool or slightly abrasive wire brush, water, soft cloth.

    Steps:

    1. Sprinkle a generous amount of salt directly onto the rusted areas of the knife, ensuring they are fully covered.
    2. Squeeze fresh lemon juice over the salt, thoroughly saturating the affected areas.
    3. Allow the lemon juice and salt mixture to sit on the rusted spots for approximately two hours.
    4. After the soaking time, use a lemon rind to scrub the rusted areas in a circular or back-and-forth motion. The acidity of the lemon, combined with the abrasiveness of the salt, helps to break down the rust.
    5.  If necessary, for more stubborn rust, you can use steel wool or a slightly abrasive wire brush to scour the areas gently. Be careful not to apply too much pressure, as it can scratch the blade.
    6. Rinse the knife with water to remove any remaining salt, lemon juice, or rust particles.
    7. Thoroughly dry the knife with a soft cloth to prevent any residual moisture from causing further rust.

    Pro Tip:The lemon and salt method is particularly effective for tackling small rust spots on a knife. However, exercise caution when using steel wool or an abrasive brush, as it may scratch the blade's surface. 

    Potato Method

    Supplies Needed: Raw potato, oil, soft cloth.

    Steps:

    1. Take a raw potato and cut it in half.
    2. Press the rusted areas of the knife firmly into the cut side of the potato, ensuring good contact between the potato and rust.
    3. Let the knife sit with the potato on the rusted spots for a few hours. The oxalic acid naturally present in potatoes helps break down rust.
    4. After the allotted time, remove the knife from the potato.
    5. Wipe down the blade with oil to remove any residual rust particles and prevent further rusting.
    6. Use a soft cloth to thoroughly dry the knife, ensuring no moisture remains.

    The potato method is a surprising yet effective way to remove rust from a knife. The oxalic acid in the potato helps dissolve the rust, making it easier to wipe away. 

    Onion Method

    Supplies Needed:Onion, soft cloth.

    Steps:

    1. Take a fresh onion and cut it in half.
    2. Holding the onion half firmly, slide the rusted areas of the knife back and forth across the cut side of the onion. Apply gentle pressure while moving the knife.
    3. Continue sliding the blade over the onion for several minutes. The sulfenic acid present in onions helps break down rust. As you slide the knife, you may notice the rust starting to come off on the onion.
    4. Once you have sufficiently worked the knife over the onion, wipe away any remaining rust particles with a soft cloth
    5. Thoroughly wash the knife with mild dish soap and water to remove any residue from the onion.
    6. Dry the knife thoroughly with a soft cloth to prevent any residual moisture from causing further rust.

    The onion method is a natural and convenient way to remove rust from a knife. The sulfenic acid in onions helps break down the rust, allowing it to come off more easily.

    Vinegar Soak Method

    Supplies Needed: White vinegar, a container large enough to submerge the knife, soft cloth or brush, water, mild dish soap.

    Steps:

    1. Prepare a solution of white vinegar and water in a 1:1 ratio in a container.
    2. Submerge the rusted parts of the knife in the vinegar solution, ensuring the blade is fully covered.
    3. Let the knife soak for a few hours or overnight, depending on the severity of the rust.
    4. After soaking, use a soft cloth or brush to gently scrub away the loosened rust.
    5. Rinse the knife with water and mild dish soap to remove any vinegar residue.
    6. Thoroughly dry the knife to prevent further rust formation.

    Pro Tip:White vinegar contains acetic acid, which attacks rust. Other types of vinegar may leave stains, so avoid using them.

    Baking Soda Paste Method

    Supplies Needed: Baking soda, water, soft cloth or brush.

    Steps:

    1. Mix baking soda with a small amount of water to form a thick paste.
    2. Apply the paste to the rusted areas of the knife, ensuring it covers the affected surfaces.
    3. Allow the paste to sit on the rusted areas for a few minutes.
    4. Use a soft cloth or brush to gently scrub the rusted areas, applying light pressure.
    5. Rinse the knife with water to remove the paste and loosened rust particles.
    6. Thoroughly dry the knife to prevent any residual moisture from causing further rust.

    Pro Tip:Baking soda works best on knives with light rust stains or thinner metal blades. 

    Commercial Rust Removal Products

    Supplies Needed: Commercial rust removal product (e.g., rust remover gel, rust erasers), soft cloth or brush, water, mild dish soap.

    Steps:

    1. Follow the instructions provided with the chosen commercial rust removal product.
    2. Apply the rust removal product to the affected areas of the knife, ensuring full coverage.
    3. Let the product sit for the recommended time specified in the instructions.
    4. Use a soft cloth or brush to gently scrub the rusted areas and remove the rust.
    5. Rinse the knife with water and mild dish soap to remove any residue from the rust removal product.
    6. Thoroughly dry the knife to prevent any residual moisture from causing further rust.

    Pro Tip:Be careful when using commercial rust removal products on kitchen knives, as many of them can be harmful if accidentally ingested.

    Sandpaper Method

    Supplies Needed: Waterproof sanding sheets (varying grits), water, mild dish soap or WD-40, soft cloth or brush.

    Steps:

    1. Select a sanding sheet with a medium grit, such as 120 or 180 grit, to start the rust removal process. It’s important for the sheet to be waterproof because the process involves wet sanding.
    2. Wet the sanding sheet with water and a small amount of mild dish soap to create a lubricating solution. You can also use WD-40.
    3. Hold the knife securely and gently rub the rusted areas with the wet sheet, applying light pressure in a circular or back-and-forth motion. Continuously check the progress and adjust the pressure as needed. Avoid excessive force to prevent damaging the blade
    4. As the rust is removed, switch to a finer grit sandpaper (e.g. 320 or 400 grit) to further polish the surface.
    5. Rinse the knife with water to remove any residue from the sanding process.
    6. Thoroughly dry the knife to prevent any residual moisture from causing further rust.

    Pro Tip:Remember to practice proper safety measures, such as wearing protective gloves and eye protection, when using sandpaper or any abrasive product. After successfully removing the rust, continue with regular maintenance practices and proper storage to prevent future rust formation on your knife.

    Restoring and Polishing the Knife Blade

    After the rust has been successfully removed, it's time to restore and polish the knife blade. Use a honing rod or sharpening stone to re-establish a sharp cutting edge. If necessary, follow up with finer grits to achieve a polished finish. This step will enhance the blade's performance and aesthetics.

    Post-Treatment Care and Maintenance

    Once the rust removal and restoration process is complete, take preventive measures to avoid future rust formation. This means thoroughly drying the knife after each use and periodically lubricating the blade with a food-safe oil or lubricant. Proper storage in a dry environment is also crucial for long-term rust prevention.

    Red Label Abrasives For All Your Knife Maintenance Needs

    Don't let rust compromise the beauty and functionality of your cherished knives. Implement preventive measures, promptly address any signs of rust, and equip yourself with the right tools and knowledge to keep your blades in optimal condition. With proper care and maintenance, your knives will continue to serve you well in the kitchen and beyond.

    If you're looking for reliable abrasive products to help keep rust off your knives, Red Label Abrasives offers the industrial grade sanding sheets you need for effective rust removal and knife maintenance. We also manufacture complete knife making kits should you wish to make the step from using blades to making them. Our knife making belts range in size from 1" x 30" to 2" x 72". If you have questions or would like to place an order, call 844-824-1956 or fill out our contact form today!

    Also in The Daily Grind

    Types Of Swords: Full Descriptions & Shapes - Red Label Abrasives
    Mill Scale: What It Is & How To Remove It - Red Label Abrasives
    How Much Do Bladesmiths Make? - Red Label Abrasives
    How Much Do Bladesmiths Make?

    by David Kranker 9 min read

    Read More